Chanakya Niti Shlokas in English – Chapter 3

Chanakya Niti Shlokas

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 1)

कस्य दोषः कुले नास्ति व्याधिना को न पीडितः ।
व्यसनं केन न प्राप्तं कस्य सौख्यं निरन्तरम् ॥

Meaning in English

In this world, whose family is there without blemish? Who is free from
sickness and grief? Who is forever happy?

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 2)

आचारः कुलमाख्याति देशमाख्याति भाषणम् ।
सम्भ्रमः स्नेहमाख्याति वपुराख्याति भोजनम् ॥

Meaning in English

A man’s descent may be discerned by – his conduct, his country by his
pronunciation of language, his friendship by his warmth and glow, and
his capacity to eat by his body.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok3)

सुकुले योजयेत्कन्यां पुत्रं विद्यासु योजयेत् ।
व्यसने योजयेच्छत्रुं मित्रं धर्मेण योजयेत् ॥

Meaning in English

Give your daughter in marriage to a good family, engage your son in
learning, see that your enemy comes to grief, and engage your friends
in dharma. (Krsna consciousness).

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 4)

दुर्जनस्य च सर्पस्य वरं सर्पो न दुर्जनः ।
सर्पो दंशति काले तु दुर्जनस्तु पदे पदे ॥

Meaning in English

Of a rascal and a serpent, the serpent is the better of the two, for he
strikes only at the time he is destined to kill, while the former at every

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 5)

एतदर्थे कुलीनानां नृपाः कुर्वन्ति सङ्ग्रहम् ।
आदिमध्यावसानेषु न ते गच्छन्ति विक्रियाम् ॥

Meaning in English

Therefore kings gather round themselves men of good families, for they
never forsake them either at the beginning, the middle or the end

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 6)

प्रलये भिन्नमर्यादा भवन्ति किल सागराः ।
सागरा भेदमिच्छन्ति प्रलयेऽपि न साधवः ॥

Meaning in English

At the time of the pralaya (universal destruction) the oceans are to
exceed their limits and seek to change, but a saintly man never changes.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 7)

मूर्खस्तु प्रहर्तव्यः प्रत्यक्षो द्विपदः पशुः ।
भिद्यते वाक्य-शल्येन अदृशं कण्टकं यथा ॥

Meaning in English

Do not keep company with a fool for as we can see he is a two-legged
beast. Like an unseen thorn he pierces the heart with his sharp words.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 8)

रूपयौवनसम्पन्ना विशालकुलसम्भवाः ।
विद्याहीना न शोभन्ते निर्गन्धाः किंशुका यथा ॥

Meaning in English

Though men be endowed with beauty and youth and born in noble
families, yet without education they are like the palasa flower which is
void of sweet fragrance.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 9)

कोकिलानां स्वरो रूपं स्त्रीणां रूपं पतिव्रतम् ।
विद्या रूपं कुरूपाणां क्षमा रूपं तपस्विनाम् ॥

Meaning in English

The beauty of a cuckoo is in its notes, that of a woman in her unalloyed
devotion to her husband, that of an ugly person in his scholarship, and
that of an ascetic in his forgiveness.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 10)

त्यजेदेकं कुलस्यार्थे ग्रामस्यार्थे कुलं त्यजेत् ।
ग्रामं जनपदस्यार्थे आत्मार्थे पृथिवीं त्यजेत् ॥

Meaning in English

Give up a member to save a family, a family to save a village, a village
to save a country, and the country to save yourself.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 11)

उद्योगे नास्ति दारिद्र्यं जपतो नास्ति पातकम् ।
मौनेन कलहो नास्ति नास्ति जागरिते भयम् ॥

Meaning in English

There is no poverty for the industrious. Sin does not attach itself to the
person practicing japa (chanting of the holy names of the Lord). Thosewho are absorbed in maunam (silent contemplation of the Lord) have
no quarrel with others. They are fearless who remain always alert

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 12)

अतिरूपेण वा सीता अतिगर्वेण रावणः ।
अतिदानाद्बलिर्बद्धो ह्यतिसर्वत्र वर्जयेत् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 13)

को हि भारः समर्थानां किं दूरं व्यवसायिनाम् ।
को विदेशः सुविद्यानां कः परः प्रियवादिनाम् ॥

Meaning in English

What is too heavy for the strong and what place is too distant for those
who put forth effort? What country is foreign to a man of true learning?
Who can be inimical to one who speaks pleasing.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 14)

एकेनापि सुवृक्षेण पुष्पितेन सुगन्धिना ।
वासितं तद्वनं सर्वं सुपुत्रेण कुलं यथा ॥

Meaning in English

As a whole forest becomes fragrant by the existence of a single tree
with sweet-smelling blossoms in it, so a family becomes famous by the
birth of a virtuous son.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 15)

एकेन शुष्कवृक्षेण दह्यमानेन वह्निना ।
दह्यते तद्वनं सर्वं कुपुत्रेण कुलं यथा ॥

Meaning in English

As a single withered tree, if set aflame, causes a whole forest to burn, so
does a rascal son destroy a whole family.

 Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 16)

एकेनापि सुपुत्रेण विद्यायुक्तेन साधुना ।
आह्लादितं कुलं सर्वं यथा चन्द्रेण शर्वरी ॥

Meaning in English

As night looks delightful when the moon shines, so is a family
gladdened by even one learned and virtuous son.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 17)

किं जातैर्बहुभिः पुत्रैः शोकसन्तापकारकैः ।
वरमेकः कुलालम्बी यत्र विश्राम्यते कुलम् ॥

Meaning in English

What is the use of having many sons if they cause grief and vexation? It
is better to have only one son from whom the whole family can derive
support and peacefulness.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 18)

लालयेत्पञ्चवर्षाणि दशवर्षाणि ताडयेत् ।
प्राप्ते तु षोडशे वर्षे पुत्रे मित्रवदाचरेत् ॥

Meaning in English

Fondle a son until he is five years of age, and use the stick for another
ten years, but when he has attained his sixteenth year treat him as a

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 19)

उपसर्गेऽन्यचक्रे च दुर्भिक्षे च भयावहे ।
असाधुजनसम्पर्के यः पलायेत्स जीवति ॥

Meaning in English

He who runs away from a fearful calamity, a foreign invasion, a terrible
famine, and the companionship of wicked men is safe.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 20)

धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणां यस्यैकोऽपि न विद्यते ।
अजागलस्तनस्येव तस्य जन्म निरर्थकम् ॥

Meaning in English

He who has not acquired one of the following: religious merit
(dharma), wealth (artha), satisfaction of desires (kama), or liberation
(moksa) is repeatedly born to die.

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 3 – Shlok 21)

मूर्खा यत्र न पूज्यन्ते धान्यं यत्र सुसञ्चितम् ।
दाम्पत्ये कलहो नास्ति तत्र श्रीः स्वयमागता ॥

Meaning in English

Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth, comes of Her own accord where fools
are not respected, grain is well stored up, and the husband and wife do
not quarrel.

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