Chanakya Niti Shlokas Translation in English Chapter – 4

Chanakya Neeti inspirational Quotes with Meaning

आयुः कर्म च वित्तं च विद्या निधनमेव च ।
पञ्चैतानि हि सृज्यन्ते गर्भस्थस्यैव देहिनः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 1)

Meaning in English

These five: the life-span, the type of work, wealth, learning and the time
of one’s death are determined while one is in the womb.

साधुभ्यस्ते निवर्तन्ते पुत्रमित्राणि बान्धवाः ।
ये च तैः सह गन्तारस्तद्धर्मात्सुकृतं कुलम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok2)

Meaning in English

Offspring, friends and relatives flee from a devotee of the Lord: yet
those who follow him bring merit to their families through their
devotion.

दर्शनध्यानसंस्पर्शैर्मत्सी कूर्मी च पक्षिणी ।
शिशुं पालयते नित्यं तथा सज्जन-संगतिः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 3)

Meaning in English

As long as your body is healthy and under control and death is distant,
try to save your soul; when death is immanent what can you

यावत्स्वस्थो ह्ययं देहो यावन्मृत्युश्च दूरतः ।
तावदात्महितं कुर्यात्प्राणान्ते किं करिष्यति ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok4)

Meaning in English

As long as your body is healthy and under control and death is distant,
try to save your soul; when death is immanent what can you do?

कामधेनुगुणा विद्या ह्यकाले फलदायिनी ।
प्रवासे मातृसदृशी विद्या गुप्तं धनं स्मृतम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 5)

Meaning in English

Learning is like a cow of desire. It, like her, yields in all seasons. Like a
mother, it feeds you on your journey. Therefore learning is a hidden
treasure.

Chanakya Niti Motivational Quotes Translation in English

एकोऽपि गुणवान्पुत्रो निर्गुणेन शतेन किम् ।
एकश्चन्द्रस्तमो हन्ति न च ताराः सहस्रशः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 6)

Meaning in English

A single son endowed with good qualities is far better than a hundred
devoid of them. For the moon, though one, dispels the darkness, which
the stars, though numerous, can not.

मूर्खश्चिरायुर्जातोऽपि तस्माज्जातमृतो वरः ।
मृतः स चाल्पदुःखाय यावज्जीवं जडो दहेत् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok7)

Meaning in English

A still-born son as superior to a foolish son endowed with a long life.
The first causes grief for but a moment while the latter like a blazing
fire consumes his parents in grief for life.

कुग्रामवासः कुलहीनसेवा
कुभोजनं क्रोधमुखी च भार्या ।
पुत्रश्च मूर्खो विधवा च कन्या
विनाग्निना षट्प्रदहन्ति कायम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 8)

Meaning in English

Residing in a small village devoid of proper living facilities, serving a
person born of a low family, unwholesome food, a frowning without fire.

किं तया क्रियते धेन्वा या न दोग्ध्री न गर्भिणी ।
कोऽर्थः पुत्रेण जातेन यो न विद्वान् न भक्तिमान् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 9)

Meaning in English

What good is a cow that neither gives milk nor conceives? Similarly,
what is the value of the birth of a son if he becomes neither learned nor
a pure devotee of the Lord?

संसारतापदग्धानां त्रयो विश्रान्तिहेतवः ।
अपत्यं च कलत्रं च सतां सङ्गतिरेव च ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 10)

Meaning in English

When one is consumed by the sorrows of life, three things give him
relief: offspring, a wife, and the company of the Lord’s devotees.

सकृज्जल्पन्ति राजानः सकृज्जल्पन्ति पण्डिताः ।
सकृत्कन्याः प्रदीयन्ते त्रीण्येतानि सकृत्सकृत् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 11)

Meaning in English

Kings speak for once, men of learning once, and the daughter is given
in marriage once. All these things happen once and only once.

एकाकिना तपो द्वाभ्यां पठनं गायनं त्रिभिः ।
चतुर्भिर्गमनं क्षेत्रं पञ्चभिर्बहुभी रणः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 12)

Meaning in English

Religious austerities should be practiced alone, study by two, and
singing by three. A journey should be undertaken by four, agriculture
by five, and war by many together.

सा भार्या या शुचिर्दक्षा सा भार्या या पतिव्रता ।
सा भार्या या पतिप्रीता सा भार्या सत्यवादिनी ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 13)

Meaning in English

She is a true wife who is clean (suci), expert, chaste, pleasing to the
husband, and truthful.

अपुत्रस्य गृहं शून्यं दिशः शून्यास्त्वबान्धवाः ।
मूर्खस्य हृदयं शून्यं सर्वशून्या दरिद्रता ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 14)

Meaning in English

The house of a childless person is a void, all directions are void to one
who has no relatives, the heart of a fool is also void, but to a poverty
stricken man all is void.

अनभ्यासे विषं शास्त्रमजीर्णे भोजनं विषम् ।
दरिद्रस्य विषं गोष्ठी वृद्धस्य तरुणी विषम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 15)

Meaning in English

Scriptural lessons not put into practice are poison; a meal is poison to
him who suffers from indigestion; a social gathering is poison to a
poverty stricken person; and a young wife is poison to an aged man.

त्यजेद्धर्मं दयाहीनं विद्याहीनं गुरुं त्यजेत् ।
त्यजेत्क्रोधमुखीं भार्यां निःस्नेहान्बान्धवांस्त्यजेत् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 16)

Meaning in English

That man who is without religion and mercy should be rejected. A guru
without spiritual knowledge should be rejected. The wife with an
offensive face should be given up, and so should relatives who are
without affection.

अध्वा जरा देहवतां पर्वतानां जलं जरा ।
अमैथुनं जरा स्त्रीणां वस्त्राणामातपो जरा ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 17)

Meaning in English

Constant travel brings old age upon a man; a horse becomes old by
being constantly tied up; lack of sexual contact with her husband brings
old age upon a woman; and garments become old through being left in
the sun.

कः कालः कानि मित्राणि को देशः कौ व्ययागमौ ।
कश्चाहं का च मे शक्तिरिति चिन्त्यं मुहुर्मुहुः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 18)

Meaning in English

Consider again and again the following: the right time, the right friends,
the right place, the right means of income, the right ways of spending,
and from whom you derive your power.

अग्निर्देवो द्विजातीनां मुनीनां हृदि दैवतम् ।
प्रतिमा स्वल्पबुद्धीनां सर्वत्र समदर्शिनः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 4 – Shlok 19)

Meaning in English

For the twice-born the fire (Agni) is a representative of God. The
Supreme Lord resides in the heart of His devotees. Those of average
intelligence (alpa-buddhi or kanista-adhikari) see God only in His srimurti, but those of broad vision see the Supreme Lord everywhere.

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