Chanakya Niti Shlokas Translation in English Chapter – 8

Chanakya Neeti inspirational Quotes with Meaning

अधमा धनमिच्छन्ति धनमानौ च मध्यमाः ।
उत्तमा मानमिच्छन्ति मानो हि महतां धनम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 1)

Meaning in English

Low class men desire wealth; middle class men both wealth and
respect; but the noble, honour only; hence honour is the noble man’s
true wealth.

इक्षुरापः पयो मूलं ताम्बूलं फलमौषधम् ।
भक्षयित्वापि कर्तव्याः स्नानदानादिकाः क्रियाः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 2)

Meaning in English

The lamp eats up the darkness and therefore it produces lamp black; in
the same way according to the nature of our diet (sattva, rajas, or
tamas) we produce offspring in similar quality.

वित्तं देहि गुणान्वितेषु मतिमन्नान्यत्र देहि क्वचित्
प्राप्तं वारिनिधेर्जलं घनमुखे माधुर्ययुक्तं सदा ।

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 4)

Meaning in English

O wise man! Give your wealth only to the worthy and never to others.
The water of the sea received by the clouds is always sweet. The rain
water enlivens all living beings of the earth both movable (insects,
animals, humans, etc.) and immovable (plants, trees, etc.), and then
returns to the ocean it value multiplied a million fold.

जीवान्स्थावरजंगमांश्च सकलान्संजीव्य भूमण्डलं
भूयः पश्य तदेव कोटिगुणितं गच्छन्तमम्भोनिधिम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 5)

Meaning in English

The wise who discern the essence of things have declared that the
yavana (meat eater) is equal in baseness to a thousand candalas the
lowest class), and hence a yavana is the basest of men; indeed there is
no one more base

चाण्डालानां सहस्रैश्च सूरिभिस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः ।
एको हि यवनः प्रोक्तो न नीचो यवनात्परः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 6)

Meaning in English

After having rubbed oil on the body, after encountering the smoke from
a funeral pyre, after sexual intercourse, and after being shaved, one
remains a chandala until he bathes.

तैलाभ्यङ्गे चिताधूमे मैथुने क्षौरकर्मणि ।
तावद्भवति चाण्डालो यावत्स्नानं न चाचरेत् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 7)

Meaning in English

Water is the medicine for indigestion; it is invigorating when the food
that is eaten is well digested; it is like nectar when drunk in the middle
of a dinner; and it is like poison when taken at the end of a meal.

अजीर्णे भेषजं वारि जीर्णे वारि बलप्रदम् ।
भोजने चामृतं वारि भोजनान्ते विषापहम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 8)

Meaning in English

Knowledge is lost without putting it into practice; a man is lost due to
ignorance; an army is lost without a commander; and a woman is lost
without a husband.

हतं ज्ञानं क्रियाहीनं हतश्चाज्ञानतो नरः ।
हतं निर्णायकं सैन्यं स्त्रियो नष्टा ह्यभर्तृकाः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 9)

Meaning in English

A man who encounters the following three is unfortunate; the death of
his wife in his old age, the entrusting of money into the hands of
relatives, and depending upon others for food.

Meaning in English

Chanting of the Vedas without making ritualistic sacrifices to the
Supreme Lord through the medium of Agni, and sacrifices not followed by bountiful gifts are futile. Perfection can be achieved only through
devotion (to the Supreme Lord) for devotion is the basis of all success.

नाग्निहोत्रं विना वेदा न च दानं विना क्रिया ।
न भावेन विना सिद्धिस्तस्माद्भावो हि कारणम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 11)

न देवो विद्यते काष्ठे न पाषाणे न मृण्मये ।
भावे हि विद्यते देवस्तस्माद्भावो हि कारणम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 12)

Chanakya Niti Motivational Quotes with Translation

काष्ठपाषाणधातूनां कृत्वा भावेन सेवनम् ।
श्रद्धया च तथा सिद्धिस्तस्य विष्णुप्रसादतः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 13)

Meaning in English

There is no austerity equal to a balanced mind, and there is no
happiness equal to contentment; there is no disease like covetousness,
and no virtue like mercy.

शान्तितुल्यं तपो नास्ति न सन्तोषात्परं सुखम् ।
अपत्यं च कलत्रं च सतां सङ्गतिरेव च ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 14)

Meaning in English

Anger is a personification of Yama (the demigod of death); thirst is like
the hellish river Vaitarani; knowledge is like a kamadhenu (the cow of
plenty); and contentment is like Nandanavana (the garden of Indra).

गुणो भूषयते रूपं शीलं भूषयते कुलम् ।
प्रासादशिखरस्थोऽपि काकः किं गरुडायते ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 15)

Meaning in English

Moral excellence is an ornament for personal beauty; righteous
conduct, for high birth; success for learning; and proper spending for
wealth.

निर्गुणस्य हतं रूपं दुःशीलस्य हतं कुलम् ।
असिद्धस्य हता विद्या ह्यभोगेन हतं धनम् ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 16)

Meaning in English

Beauty is spoiled by an immoral nature; noble birth by bad conduct;
learning, without being perfected; and wealth by not being properly
utilised

शुद्धं भूमिगतं तोयं शुद्धा नारी पतिव्रता ।
शुचिः क्षेमकरो राजा सन्तोषो ब्राह्मणः शुचिः

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 17)

Meaning in English

Water seeping into the earth is pure; and a devoted wife is pure; the
king who is the benefactor of his people is pure; and pure is the
brahmana who is contented.

असन्तुष्टा द्विजा नष्टाः सन्तुष्टाश्च महीभृतः ।
सलज्जा गणिका नष्टा निर्लज्जाश्च कुलाङ्गना ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 18)

Meaning in English

Discontented brahmanas, contented kings, shy prostitutes, and
immodest housewives are ruined.

किं कुलेन विशालेन विद्याहीनेन देहिनाम् ।
दुष्कुलं चापि विदुषो देवैरपि स पूज्यते ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 19)

Meaning in English

Of what avail is a high birth if a person is destitute of scholarship? A
man who is of low extraction is honoured even by the demigods if he is
learned.

विद्वान्प्रशस्यते लोके विद्वान् सर्वत्र पूज्यते ।
विद्यया लभते सर्वं विद्या सर्वत्र पूज्यते ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 20)

Meaning in English

A learned man is honoured by the people. A learned man commands
respect everywhere for his learning. Indeed, learning is honoured
everywhere.

ऋणकर्ता पिता शत्रुर्माता च व्यभिचारिणी ।
भार्या रूपवती शत्रुः पुत्रः शत्रुरपण्डितः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 21)

Meaning in English

Those who are endowed with beauty and youth and who are born of
noble families are worthless if they have no learning. They are just like the kimshuka blossoms ( flowers of the palasa tree) which, though
beautiful, have no fragrance.

मांसभक्ष्यैः सुरापानैर्मुखैश्चाक्षरवर्जितैः ।
पशुभिः पुरुषाकारैर्भाराक्रान्ता हि मेदिनी ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 22)

Meaning in English

The earth is encumbered with the weight of the flesh-eaters, winebibblers, dolts and blockheads, who are beasts in the form of men.

अन्नहीनो दहेद्राष्ट्रं मन्त्रहीनश्च ऋत्विजः ।
यजमानं दानहीनो नास्ति यज्ञसमो रिपुः ॥

Chanakya Niti (Chap. 8 – Shloka 23)

Meaning in English

There is no enemy like a yajna (sacrifice) which consumes the kingdom
when not attended by feeding on a large scale; consumes the priest
when the chanting is not done properly; and consumes the yajaman (the
responsible person) when the gifts are not made.

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